as used at Porepunkah, Victoria 2003
These rules have been superseded by the rules at
Porepunkah also had its own
combat rules, which have been superseded by the rules at
The clause numbering is as published in the conference booklet.
Other versions of the projectile rules:
All combatants and participants on the field of combat (including
marshals) must wear armour as specified in the
'Projectile Combat Armour Standards'. Spectators may not be present
unless they are wearing suitable armour or
are confined in an area of suitable protection.
The use of all hand to hand weapons during projectile combat shall
conform to the requirements of melee combat. A combatant armed with a
projectile weapon may use a hand to hand weapon provided their equipment
conforms to the standards for melee combat. A hand to hand weapon shall
never be used to intentionally strike or block a projectile weapon or
Projectile Combat Armour Standards
The minimum Armour required to participate in projectile combat shall
be the same as for melee combat with the following additions:
A projectile combat helm in place of a standard helm.
Females shall wear breast protection.
Combatants who do not use hand to hand weapons may wear leather
gloves in place of gauntlets.
Additional Armour is always recommended.
Projectile Combat Helm
Projectile combat helms shall conform to the standards for helms in
addition to the requirements set out below.
The helm shall be fitted with a woven wire mesh visor that extends
past the temples and below the chin. The visor shall be supported be a
rigid steel frame and shall be firmly and rigidly attached to the helm.
The woven wire mesh shall be a maximum of 6 mm and a minimum wire
diameter of 1.4 mm A closed face helm need only have woven wire mesh
attached to any openings that exceed 6 mm diameter.
An aventail shall be fitted or a coif and arming cap shall be used
in conjunction with the helm. The aventail is to be securely fitted to
the helm and visor so that they effectively become one piece and a
projectile may not pass through the gap.
Due to the necessity for protection during projectile combat, it is
impractical to require that helms should conform to historical styles
and construction. It is therefore acceptable to construct a helm
specifically for the purpose of projectile combat, that does not
represent any specific historical style. Combatants, however, are
encouraged to attempt to hide or disguise the historically inappropriate
additions to the helm in any conveniently and practical manner.
The minimum requirement is a 3 mm thick sole-leather collar covering
the throat area from above the larynx to below the breastbone in one
The collar is to be lined with sheepskin a minimum of 6 mm thick and
a maximum of 12 mm thick.
When worn, the collar and padding will have a minimum of 10 mm
clearance from the throat when facing forward.
Lamellar and scale collars both offer acceptable throat protection
but must be securely attached to the armour.
Commercially available, rigid, one piece breast protectors shall be
the preferred standard.
Breast cups, as used in fencing, do not provide an acceptable level
of protection and shall not be used.
Combatants may opt to wear a rigid armour, such as a breast plate,
scale corset or lamellar corset, as their breast protection.
WEAPON STANDARDS (Projectile Weapons)
Long bows, short bows, and recurve bows made from wood, fibre-glass,
or laminate may be used.
Compound bows and take-down bows are not acceptable.
Sights, stabilisers, adjustable arrow rests, release aids and any
other accessories not appropriate to tile period shall not be used,
Bows shall have a maximum draw weight of 30 pounds at 28 inches (30#
Wherever possible, bows should be made to look historically
authentic by any suitable means.
The bow shall have some form of permanent marking so that it may be
readily identified with its owner. The owners initials are not
Arrows shall meet the following criteria:
The minimum standard shall be a wooden shaft of 11/32nds of an inch
diameter. Aluminium, fibreglass, and carbon shafts shall not be used.
Arrows shall be a maximum of 28 inches in length as measured from
the nocking point to the back of the rubber blunt.
The end of the shaft which will be inserted into the rubber blunt
shall have it's end rounded.
It is recommended that shafts be taped with Scotch 898, or
equivalent, fibreglass tape from the base of the fletching to the tip of
Each shaft shall be securely fitted with a rubber blunt. HTM and
Riverhaven MKII style blunts shall be the preferred standard. Plastic
blunts are not acceptable and shall not be used.
Each shaft shall have some form of permanent marking so that it may
be readily identified with its owner. The owners initials are not
Javelins shall meet the following criteria:
The shaft shall be a maximum length of 1.8m and a minimum length of
The shaft shall be a maximum diameter of 25 mm and a minimum
diameter of 16 mm
The shaft shall be made of wood, bamboo, or other suitable
materials. Metal, fibreglass, and carbon shafts shall not be used.
The preferred blunt shall be a well fitted black rubber chair leg or
walking stick stoppers of a minimum of 2 mm thickness.
The overall weight of the javelin shall be a maximum of 500gm. The
head of the javelin shall be padded to at least 7cm diameter.
Slings and Sling Projectiles
Slings and staff slings may be constructed from any historically
accurate material to any historically accurate pattern.
Sling projectiles shall have a maximum weight of 75gm and made from
any no rigid, malleable materials, that shall be able to be compressed
when reasonable pressure is applied with one hand.
Rocks shall have a maximum diameter of 40 cm and a minimum diameter
of 20 cm.
Rocks shall have a maximum weight of 800gm and made from any no
rigid, malleable materials, that shall be able to be compressed when
reasonable pressure is applied with two hands.
Siege Engines and Siege Engine Projectiles
Siege Engines may be constructed from any historically accurate
material to any historically accurate pattern.
Siege Engine projectiles may not be fruit or water/paint/flour
Siege Engine projectiles shall have a maximum diameter of 30 cm and
a minimum diameter of 15 cm.
Siege Engine projectiles shall be a maximum weight of 600gm and made
from any no rigid, malleable materials that shall be able to be
compressed when reasonable pressure is applied with two hands. Fruit,
water, paint, or flour bombs shall not be used.
All other weapons shall conform to the standards for melee
PROJECTILE WEAPON USAGE
Prior to combat, all projectile weapons and projectiles shall be
inspected by marshals to determine their suitability for the
combat. The use of all projectile weapons and
projectiles are at the marshals discretion at all times of combat.
Prior to 'each' combat, arrows and other projectiles shall be checked
for cracks, splits, and damage to the rubber blunt. Any projectile that is
found to be defective shall be discarded. No projectile that has been
previously used shall be collected and re-used during a given combat.
A projectile weapon shall not be intentionally aimed at the groin,
spine, throat, or hands of another combatant. A projectile weapon shall
not be intentionally used to block or strike during combat.
The only type of armour that is considered 'proof' against a projectile
is a shield. The effects of projectiles striking particular areas on the
body are the same as for the effects of hand-to-hand weapon blows. The
exception to this is for siege-engine projectiles for which a shield is
not considered 'proof' and a strike to any area is considered a killing
A ricochet blow from a projectile (off a tree, shield, fence, etc.) is
still considered a legitimate blow. The exception to this is a ricochet
off the ground, a weapon, or another combatant; in which case the blow is
ignored. To be considered a ricochet blow, the projectile must not change
it's original direction of travel by more than 45 degrees, and the
projectile must still strike with acceptable force.
Bow and Arrow: Full Draw: 10 meters, Half (14 inch) Draw:
Javelin: 3 meters.
Sling: 10 meters.
Siege Engines: 10 meters.
Rocks: There is no minimum range for a rock.
A combatant may move away from a prospective target to achieve the
minimum distance. If a combatant is closer than the minimum range of
another combatants projectile weapon, the combatant with the projectile
may acknowledge an automatic kill by dropping to the ground and the
opposing combatant need not strike them.
Rocks shall only be used during fortified combat and shall only be
considered a legitimate blow when dropped or thrown from above the
opponent. A rock may not be thrown at an upward angle.
The siege engine shall not deliver a projectile at a vertical angle of
less than 45 degrees. Care should be taken to ensure that the projectile
shall not come in contact with a combatant until it has reached the
descent stage of flight. If a siege engine is struck by a siege engine
projectile, the siege engine is considered inoperative for the duration of
that combat. A siege engine may only be operated by combatants who are
proficient with the particular siege engine and have permission from the
owner of the siege engine.
Bow and Arrow
A bow and arrow shall only be used during 'Projectile Combat'.
Crossbows and Darts
The use of crossbows and darts during target and combat events will not
Gasmules Society (Formerly The Australasian Mediaeval Conference Association
Last Updated 25 April 2003